Cette étude récente (30 mars 2018) montre notamment que les femmes sont généralement plus religieuses que les hommes, sauf dans l’islam, où les hommes sont plus religieux que les femmes (voir figure 1). Je cite:

Women are typically more liberal than men. But on some issues related to “traditional moral values”—including sexuality and the beginning and end of life—women are just as if not more conservative than men. This study examines the role of religion in complicating the relationship between gender and values cross-nationally, with particular attention to variation across religious groups and contexts. Using data from a diverse set of 56 countries in the World Values Survey (N=85,181), I find that religiousness suppresses what would otherwise be larger and more consistent gender differences in values among Christians. Among most other groups, including Jews, Hindus, Buddhists, Taoists, and Muslims in non-Muslim contexts, religiousness does not greatly alter gender differences in values. However, among Muslims in Muslim-majority contexts—where men tend to be more religious than women—religiousness amplifies what would otherwise be smaller gender differences in values. Accordingly, gender differences in values tend to be larger among Muslims than Christians. I conclude that religions are complex and powerful social structures with heterogeneous social consequences.

Il semble donc que la pratique généralisée du culte musulman, et jusqu’à plus ample informé seulement du culte musulman, modifie la répartition de la religiosité genrée. On trouvera donc très vraisemblablement dans la religion musulmane des éléments prescriptifs nettement clivés selon le genre.

Schnabel - Gender, Religion, and Values